Teacher Education Philosophies

It is important for every teacher to have a personal philosophy of teacher education based on a set of values and principles. It should reflect the person’s ideologies and philosophies of teaching and the overall development of the children. It becomes a crucial element in guiding the children towards a successful life.

The most famous and important people who contributed to the development of the world had personal, deeply insightful educational philosophies on their own. Albert Einstein, Paul Freire and Rudolf Steiner were some people who wrote and followed powerful educational philosophies in their careers.

John Dewey, one of the most prominent educational philosophers, in his book ‘Democracy and Education’, even devoted an entire chapter on teacher education philosophy and talks about various aspects that play a formative role in the education of children. Philosophies of teacher education can be classified as Liberal, Behaviorist, Progressive, Humanistic and Radical. Each of these has specific purposes in education and defines the role of a teacher and his relationship with the learner, in the unique perspective of particular philosophical contexts. The liberal philosophy aims at developing intellectual powers, while the behavioral ideologies focus on the survival skills of a human being and the role of education in teaching them. The Progressive philosophy motivates cultural development of an individual in order to bring about societal change, whereas the Humanistic trends look at the overall development of the personality and characteristics of an individual. And the radical philosophers are interested in beneficial changes that should happen in a society from time to time, and the role of education in bringing about political, social and economical changes.

Teacher education philosophy is now used as a major marketing strategy by teachers and has become an essential component of a teacher’s resume. This has evolved to become part of the teacher’s personal profile, which outlines all of his essential skill sets and unique qualities, and highlights his specialties.

Teacher Education

Teacher education is a wonderful tool for teachers to understand the right way to teach the youth and adults of the world who are attempting to make changes in our society based on knowledge. Teacher education refers to the policies and procedures designed to equip teachers with the knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and skills they require to perform their tasks effectively in the school and classroom.

The question of what knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and skills teachers should possess is the subject of much debate in many cultures. This is understandable, because teachers are entrusted with the transmission to children of society’s beliefs, attitudes and deontology, as well as of information, advice and wisdom.

Generally, Teacher Education curricula can be broken down into these blocks: knowledge and skills about teaching and learning, knowledge and skills concerned with the subject taught and knowledge about teachers’ deontology

Teacher education is divided into initial teacher training or education, which is a pre-service course before entering the classroom as a fully responsible teacher. Another category is induction, which is the process of providing training and support during the first few years of teaching or the first year in a particular school. Lastly, teacher development or continuing professional development (CPD) is an in-service process for practicing teachers.

Initial teacher education is organized according to two basic models. One is called the constructive model. In the consecutive model, a teacher first obtains a qualification (often a first university degree), and then studies for a further period to gain an additional qualification in teaching. In certain systems, this takes the form of a post-graduate degree, possibly even a Masters. The alternative is where a student simultaneously studies both an academic subject and the ways of teaching that subject, leading to a qualification as a teacher of that subject.

There are other options available as well. For instance, in some countries, it is possible for a person to receive training as a teacher under the responsibility of an accredited experienced practitioner in a school.